“Injections are among the most common health care procedures throughout the world, with at least 16 billion administered in developing and transitional countries each year.”
– Jin, et al. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2015; 9: 923
A big shot is someone important. However, in the medical field, all types of shots, or injectable or parenteral administration methods, are important. The three most common types of parenteral drugs are intramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous.
“The research and development of intramuscular drug delivery has gained significant momentum in pharmaceutical industry during past several decades,” according to a Research and Markets 2015 report. According to the report, intramuscular drug delivery is associated with high safety and efficacy profiles. Intramuscular drug delivery is well-suited for extended-release drugs, especially those that require large injection volumes.
Subcutaneous (SC) drug delivery is also well-suited for extended-release drugs. “In many cases, SC is the preferred route for administering a drug by injection because of greater area for target injection sites, use of shorter needles, ease of self-administration, less discomfort and inconvenience for patients, and better safety profile,” Rhee et al. write in a 2010 PharmTech article. This drug delivery method is less risky but slower than intravenous administration.
Intravenous drug delivery is the most common form of parenteral drug administration. Because the clinician administers medication straight into the bloodstream, the medication can take effect much more quickly in this drug delivery method than in others. However, intravenous drug delivery carries the risk of infection, embolism and incorrect dosage, so it requires a trained clinician to perform the administration.
Intramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous drugs are the most common types of parenteral drugs. Orbis Biosciences® understands the benefits of all types of parenteral drugs. The StratµmTM platform of our Precision Particle FabricationTM technology is leveraged for parenteral products. With our technology, all drugs delivered by parenteral administration are big shots.